Ebola virus was discovered in 1976 after an outbreak in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has the highest case-fatality rate of the ebolaviruses family, averaging 83 percent since the first outbreaks. Transmission has been attributed to reuse of unsterilized needles and close personal contact, body fluids and places where the person has touched.
Also known as clostridial myonecrosis is a bacterial infection that produces gas in tissues in gangrene. This deadly form of gangrene is considered a medical emergency. Treatment is usually debridement and excision, with amputation necessary in many cases. Unfortunately, water-soluble antibiotics such as penicillin.